World Fact Book About Norway|
||4.7 million (2009 July est.); average population density abt. 30 people per sq. mi. compared to 250 for Europe as a whole. Small growth rate, about 0.5% (2001). Life expectancy among highest in world: 82 yrs. (women); 76 yrs. (men). About 50% live in southeast; more than 75% within about 10 mi. of sea; 75% live in urban areas. One of the highest per capita incomes in the world.
||Oslo (pop. 880,000 as of 2009; metro area 1.4 million; population currently increasing 2% annually,among the fastest growing European cities)
Bokmål (most common) and Nynorsk (very similar); Sami (largest ethnic minority, mostly in north)|
||90% Evangelical Lutheran Christian|
||Norway Kroner, NOK (1.0 USD about 5.94 NOK as of Mar. 2009) [Converter]|
||Not required, service charges usually already added.|
(If service good, optional tip OK. Hurtigruten ships: non-tipping policy but if crew/staff member provides exceptional service, tipping discretionary)
||250V, Frequency 50 Hz [Plug Types: here or here]|
||Metric [Conversion Calculator]|
||abt. 125,000 sq mile for mainland (abt. 3.3% of USA)|
||Situated in western part of the Scandinavian peninsula. Has one of world's longest seaboard coastline. Extends about 1,100 miles from North Sea along the Norwegian Sea. About two-thirds mountains; some 50,000 islands off its much-indented coastline; strategic location adjacent to sea lanes and air routes in North Atlantic; one of the most rugged and longest coastlines in the world|
[Norway Map from CIA World Fact Book]
[Norway Google Map]
||Central European Time (CET) = Greenwich (or Universal Time, UT) + 1 hour|
Daylight time used: Central European Summer Time (CEST) = Greenwich (or UT) + 2 hours
DST ends Sun., Oct. 25, 2009 at 3:00 a.m. CEST;
DST resumes Sun., Mar. 28, 2010 at 3:00 a.m.
Thus, we will always be on standard time during the cruise.
[Current Time (Oslo)]
[World Time Zone Map]
||Temperate along coast and much milder than most other northern regions, especially along west coast since oceans waters are modified by the warm North Atlantic Current. Colder interior regions occur with increased precipitation and colder summers because mountains block warm west winds from the sea. Rainy year-round on west coast. Nearly all seaports ice-free, even in the northern regions|
|Our cruise will span about 10 degrees in latitude, from Bergen (lat. abt. 60°N) to the North Coast (abt. 70°N), and move in longitude about 25 degrees (from about 5°E to 30°E).|
Temperatures Average temperatures in the south (Bergen) vary from about 3244°F. Along the North Coast average temperatures of 1525°F are typical. Frost is common on many days. Above the Arctic Circle (lat. 66.5°N), temperatures below freezing occur 10 to 20 days of the month. Average winds blow about 8 to 16 miles per hour.
The table below gives March approximate average temperature ranges for several example cities spaced along the western and northern coasts of Norway from Bergen (point of departure and return) to the north coast.
Precipitation The west coast has rain all year. However, our March cruise comes in the drier 50% of the year. March rainfall usually supplies about 4 to 6% of the annual total. Most areas in March typically have about 2 in. except along the north coast where less than an inch may occur. Precipitation averages about 10 to 20 days per month in March.
[Current Weather in Norway Cities from Weather Underground]
||The table below also lists sunrise/sunset (CET) times and hours of daylight/darkness for March 10 and March 21, the inclusive dates of our cruise. (Of course we will not be in all cities on these dates, but this range is suggestive.)|
Daylight/Darkness The vernal equinox comes near the end of our cruise (2010 March 20, 6:32 p.m. CET). So, notice that daylight and darkness will be roughly equal during the trip: 11h daylight to 13h darkness at the beginning of the cruise, and nearly equal at end of cruise. Also sunrise/sunset will occur within an hour or so of 6 a.m. and 6 p.m. respectively. Thus, we will not have a "midnight sun" (where the Sun does not set) during our cruise. However, we will have the opportunity to see the Northern Lights, which require darkness!
March Average Temperature Ranges and Sunrise/Sunset
(See Sailing Map to see city locations)
||For March 10 and March 21
||0 to +6°C
||+32 to +42°F
||-3 to +4°C
||+27 to +39°F
||-2 to +2°C
||+28 to +35°F
||-5 to -1°C
||+24 to +30°F
||-10 to -4°C
||+15 to +25°F
||Medium to heavyweights advisable in winter. Waterproofing is recommended throughout year. Comfortable walking shoes. Be prepared for rapid and extreme weather changes, no matter where and when. (See cruise clothing suggestions on ship page)|
||No unusual precautions needed|
World Fact Book •
More Facts About Norway •
Norway Travel Guide •